وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ ٱسْجُدُوا۟ لِـَٔادَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ ٱلْجِنِّ فَفَسَقَ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِۦٓ أَفَتَتَّخِذُونَهُۥ وَذُرِّيَّتَهُۥٓ أَوْلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِى وَهُمْ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّۢ بِئْسَ لِلظَّـٰلِمِينَ بَدَلًا

50 And when We said to the angels: “Submit1 to Adam,” then they submitted.2 Not so3 Iblīs; he was of the domini4 and was perfidious5 towards the command of his Lord; take you him and his progeny as allies instead of6 Me? And they are an enemy to you; evil an exchange for the wrongdoers!7

مَّآ أَشْهَدتُّهُمْ خَلْقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَلَا خَلْقَ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمَا كُنتُ مُتَّخِذَ ٱلْمُضِلِّينَ عَضُدًا

51 I made them not witness to the creation of the heavens and the earth, nor to the creation of themselves; and I take not those who lead astray as support.1

وَيَوْمَ يَقُولُ نَادُوا۟ شُرَكَآءِىَ ٱلَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُمْ فَدَعَوْهُمْ فَلَمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا۟ لَهُمْ وَجَعَلْنَا بَيْنَهُم مَّوْبِقًا

52 And the day He says: “Call My partners1 whom you claimed,” then they will call them, but they will not respond to them; and We will make between them a place of ruin.2

وَرَءَا ٱلْمُجْرِمُونَ ٱلنَّارَ فَظَنُّوٓا۟ أَنَّهُم مُّوَاقِعُوهَا وَلَمْ يَجِدُوا۟ عَنْهَا مَصْرِفًا

53 And the lawbreakers will see the Fire and realise that they are to fall therein; and they will not find an escape therefrom.

وَلَقَدْ صَرَّفْنَا فِى هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانِ لِلنَّاسِ مِن كُلِّ مَثَلٍ وَكَانَ ٱلْإِنسَـٰنُ أَكْثَرَ شَىْءٍ جَدَلًا

54 And We have expounded1 for men in this Qur’an2 every3 similitude,4 but man is, more than anything, contentious.

وَمَا مَنَعَ ٱلنَّاسَ أَن يُؤْمِنُوٓا۟ إِذْ جَآءَهُمُ ٱلْهُدَىٰ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُوا۟ رَبَّهُمْ إِلَّآ أَن تَأْتِيَهُمْ سُنَّةُ ٱلْأَوَّلِينَ أَوْ يَأْتِيَهُمُ ٱلْعَذَابُ قُبُلًا

55 And there prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, and from asking forgiveness of their Lord, only that the practice1 of the former peoples should come to them,2 or the punishment should come to them face to face.

وَمَا نُرْسِلُ ٱلْمُرْسَلِينَ إِلَّا مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ وَيُجَـٰدِلُ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا۟ بِٱلْبَـٰطِلِ لِيُدْحِضُوا۟ بِهِ ٱلْحَقَّ وَٱتَّخَذُوٓا۟ ءَايَـٰتِى وَمَآ أُنذِرُوا۟ هُزُوًا

56 And We send the emissaries only as bearers of glad tidings and warners. And those who ignore warning1 contend in vanity to refute the truth2 thereby, and have taken My proofs3 and that whereof they are warned in mockery.

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ رَبِّهِۦ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا وَنَسِىَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِىٓ ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا وَإِن تَدْعُهُمْ إِلَى ٱلْهُدَىٰ فَلَن يَهْتَدُوٓا۟ إِذًا أَبَدًا

57 And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of the proofs1 of his Lord, then turns away therefrom and forgets what his hands have sent ahead? We have placed upon their hearts coverings lest they should understand it, and in their ears deafness.2 And though thou invitest them to the guidance, they will not be guided then ever.

وَرَبُّكَ ٱلْغَفُورُ ذُو ٱلرَّحْمَةِ لَوْ يُؤَاخِذُهُم بِمَا كَسَبُوا۟ لَعَجَّلَ لَهُمُ ٱلْعَذَابَ بَل لَّهُم مَّوْعِدٌ لَّن يَجِدُوا۟ مِن دُونِهِۦ مَوْئِلًا

58 But thy Lord is the Forgiver, the Possessor of Mercy; were He to take them to task for what they have earned, He would hasten for them the punishment. But1 they have an appointment; they will not find, besides2 it,3 an escape.

وَتِلْكَ ٱلْقُرَىٰٓ أَهْلَكْنَـٰهُمْ لَمَّا ظَلَمُوا۟ وَجَعَلْنَا لِمَهْلِكِهِم مَّوْعِدًا

59 And those cities: We destroyed them when they did wrong; and We made for their destruction an appointment.

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِفَتَىٰهُ لَآ أَبْرَحُ حَتَّىٰٓ أَبْلُغَ مَجْمَعَ ٱلْبَحْرَيْنِ أَوْ أَمْضِىَ حُقُبًا

60 And when1 Moses said to his servant:2 “I will not cease until I reach the confluence of the two seas, though I continue for an age,”

فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجْمَعَ بَيْنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا فَٱتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُۥ فِى ٱلْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا

61 Then when they1 reached their2 meeting3 between them,4 they5 forgot their fish; and it took its path into the sea, tunnelling.

فَلَمَّا جَاوَزَا قَالَ لِفَتَىٰهُ ءَاتِنَا غَدَآءَنَا لَقَدْ لَقِينَا مِن سَفَرِنَا هَـٰذَا نَصَبًا

62 And when they had passed on, he said to his servant: “Bring thou us our meal; we have met from this our journey with fatigue.”

قَالَ أَرَءَيْتَ إِذْ أَوَيْنَآ إِلَى ٱلصَّخْرَةِ فَإِنِّى نَسِيتُ ٱلْحُوتَ وَمَآ أَنسَىٰنِيهُ إِلَّا ٱلشَّيْطَـٰنُ أَنْ أَذْكُرَهُۥ وَٱتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُۥ فِى ٱلْبَحْرِ عَجَبًا

63 Said he: “Hast thou considered?1 When we took shelter at the rock, then I forgot the fish — and there caused me to forget it only the satan,2 lest I should remember it — and it took its path into the sea, amazingly.”

قَالَ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنَّا نَبْغِ فَٱرْتَدَّا عَلَىٰٓ ءَاثَارِهِمَا قَصَصًا

64 He said: “That is what we were seeking,” and they turned back, in their1 footsteps, retracing.2

فَوَجَدَا عَبْدًا مِّنْ عِبَادِنَآ ءَاتَيْنَـٰهُ رَحْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا وَعَلَّمْنَـٰهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا عِلْمًا

65 And they found a servant from among Our servants to whom We had given mercy from Us, and taught knowledge from Us.

قَالَ لَهُۥ مُوسَىٰ هَلْ أَتَّبِعُكَ عَلَىٰٓ أَن تُعَلِّمَنِ مِمَّا عُلِّمْتَ رُشْدًا

66 Moses said to him: “Shall I follow thee, that thou teach me something of what thou hast been taught of sound judgment?”

قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِىَ صَبْرًا

67 Said he: “Thou canst never be patient with me.

وَكَيْفَ تَصْبِرُ عَلَىٰ مَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِۦ خُبْرًا

68 “And how canst thou be patient with what thou hast not encompassed in knowledge?”1

قَالَ سَتَجِدُنِىٓ إِن شَآءَ ٱللَّـهُ صَابِرًا وَلَآ أَعْصِى لَكَ أَمْرًا

69 He said: “Thou wilt find me, if God wills, patient; and I will not disobey thee in any matter.”1

قَالَ فَإِنِ ٱتَّبَعْتَنِى فَلَا تَسْـَٔلْنِى عَن شَىْءٍ حَتَّىٰٓ أُحْدِثَ لَكَ مِنْهُ ذِكْرًا

70 Said he: “If thou followest me, ask thou me not about anything until I make mention1 of it to thee.”

فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا رَكِبَا فِى ٱلسَّفِينَةِ خَرَقَهَا قَالَ أَخَرَقْتَهَا لِتُغْرِقَ أَهْلَهَا لَقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْـًٔا إِمْرًا

71 So they1 went forth. When2 they3 had embarked on the boat, he made a hole therein. He said: “Hast thou made a hole therein to drown its people? Thou hast done a grievous thing.”

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُلْ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِىَ صَبْرًا

72 Said he: “Said I not that thou canst never be patient with me?”

قَالَ لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِى بِمَا نَسِيتُ وَلَا تُرْهِقْنِى مِنْ أَمْرِى عُسْرًا

73 He said: “Take thou me not to task for what I forgot, nor burden thou me in my affair with difficulty.”

فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا لَقِيَا غُلَـٰمًا فَقَتَلَهُۥ قَالَ أَقَتَلْتَ نَفْسًا زَكِيَّةًۢ بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ لَّقَدْ جِئْتَ شَيْـًٔا نُّكْرًا

74 So they1 went forth. When2 they3 had met a lad, he killed him. He said: “Hast thou killed a pure4 soul for other than a soul?5 Thou hast done a terrible thing.”

قَالَ أَلَمْ أَقُل لَّكَ إِنَّكَ لَن تَسْتَطِيعَ مَعِىَ صَبْرًا

75 Said he: “Said I not to thee that thou canst never be patient with me?”

قَالَ إِن سَأَلْتُكَ عَن شَىْءٍۭ بَعْدَهَا فَلَا تُصَـٰحِبْنِى قَدْ بَلَغْتَ مِن لَّدُنِّى عُذْرًا

76 He said: “If I ask thee about anything after this, then keep thou not company with me; thou hast attained from me an excuse.”

فَٱنطَلَقَا حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَآ أَتَيَآ أَهْلَ قَرْيَةٍ ٱسْتَطْعَمَآ أَهْلَهَا فَأَبَوْا۟ أَن يُضَيِّفُوهُمَا فَوَجَدَا فِيهَا جِدَارًا يُرِيدُ أَن يَنقَضَّ فَأَقَامَهُۥ قَالَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لَتَّخَذْتَ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا

77 So they1 went forth. When2 they3 had come to the people of a city, they4 asked its people for food, but they refused them5 hospitality. And they6 found therein a wall upon the point of7 collapse, and he set it upright. He said: “If thou hadst wished, thou couldst have taken for it recompense.”

قَالَ هَـٰذَا فِرَاقُ بَيْنِى وَبَيْنِكَ سَأُنَبِّئُكَ بِتَأْوِيلِ مَا لَمْ تَسْتَطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا

78 Said he: “This is the parting between me and thee. I will inform thee of the interpretation of that with which thou couldst not be patient:

أَمَّا ٱلسَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَـٰكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِى ٱلْبَحْرِ فَأَرَدتُّ أَنْ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَآءَهُم مَّلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا

79 “As for the boat: it belonged to poor people working on the sea, and I desired to damage it, for there was behind them a king taking every boat by force.

وَأَمَّا ٱلْغُلَـٰمُ فَكَانَ أَبَوَاهُ مُؤْمِنَيْنِ فَخَشِينَآ أَن يُرْهِقَهُمَا طُغْيَـٰنًا وَكُفْرًا

80 “And as for the lad: his parents were believers,1 and we feared he would burden them with inordinacy and denial.

فَأَرَدْنَآ أَن يُبْدِلَهُمَا رَبُّهُمَا خَيْرًا مِّنْهُ زَكَوٰةً وَأَقْرَبَ رُحْمًا

81 “And we desired that their Lord should give them in exchange one better than him in purity,1 and nearer in affection.

وَأَمَّا ٱلْجِدَارُ فَكَانَ لِغُلَـٰمَيْنِ يَتِيمَيْنِ فِى ٱلْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ تَحْتَهُۥ كَنزٌ لَّهُمَا وَكَانَ أَبُوهُمَا صَـٰلِحًا فَأَرَادَ رَبُّكَ أَن يَبْلُغَآ أَشُدَّهُمَا وَيَسْتَخْرِجَا كَنزَهُمَا رَحْمَةً مِّن رَّبِّكَ وَمَا فَعَلْتُهُۥ عَنْ أَمْرِى ذَٰلِكَ تَأْوِيلُ مَا لَمْ تَسْطِع عَّلَيْهِ صَبْرًا

82 “And as for the wall: it belonged to two fatherless1 lads in the city, and there was beneath it a treasure for them. And their father had been righteous, and thy Lord desired that they should reach maturity, and to bring forth their treasure as a mercy from thy Lord; and I did it not by my command. That is the interpretation of what thou couldst not be patient in.”

وَيَسْـَٔلُونَكَ عَن ذِى ٱلْقَرْنَيْنِ قُلْ سَأَتْلُوا۟ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْهُ ذِكْرًا

83 And they ask thee about Dhūl-Qarnayn.1 Say thou: “I will recite to you a remembrance2 of him: —”

إِنَّا مَكَّنَّا لَهُۥ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ وَءَاتَيْنَـٰهُ مِن كُلِّ شَىْءٍ سَبَبًا

84 We established him in the earth, and gave him to1 everything a way;2

فَأَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا

85 So he went his way.1

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ مَغْرِبَ ٱلشَّمْسِ وَجَدَهَا تَغْرُبُ فِى عَيْنٍ حَمِئَةٍ وَوَجَدَ عِندَهَا قَوْمًا قُلْنَا يَـٰذَا ٱلْقَرْنَيْنِ إِمَّآ أَن تُعَذِّبَ وَإِمَّآ أَن تَتَّخِذَ فِيهِمْ حُسْنًا

86 When1 he had reached the setting of the sun,2 and found it setting in a murky spring,3 and found a people nearby, We said: “O Dhūl-Qarnayn: thou shalt either punish, or take concerning them good.”

قَالَ أَمَّا مَن ظَلَمَ فَسَوْفَ نُعَذِّبُهُۥ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِۦ فَيُعَذِّبُهُۥ عَذَابًا نُّكْرًا

87 He said: “As for him who does wrong: we will punish him; then will he be brought back to his Lord, and He will punish him with a terrible punishment.

وَأَمَّا مَنْ ءَامَنَ وَعَمِلَ صَـٰلِحًا فَلَهُۥ جَزَآءً ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ وَسَنَقُولُ لَهُۥ مِنْ أَمْرِنَا يُسْرًا

88 “And as for him who believes and works righteousness: for him is the best reward;1 and we will speak lightly2 to him from our command.”3

ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا

89 Then he went his way.1

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ مَطْلِعَ ٱلشَّمْسِ وَجَدَهَا تَطْلُعُ عَلَىٰ قَوْمٍ لَّمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُم مِّن دُونِهَا سِتْرًا

90 When1 he had reached the rising of the sun,2 he found it rising upon a people for whom We had not appointed besides3 it4 any cover.

كَذَٰلِكَ وَقَدْ أَحَطْنَا بِمَا لَدَيْهِ خُبْرًا

91 Thus!1 — and We have encompassed what is with it2 in knowledge —

ثُمَّ أَتْبَعَ سَبَبًا

92 Then he went his way.1

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ بَيْنَ ٱلسَّدَّيْنِ وَجَدَ مِن دُونِهِمَا قَوْمًا لَّا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ قَوْلًا

93 When1 he had reached between the two barriers,2 and found besides3 them4 a people scarcely understanding speech,

قَالُوا۟ يَـٰذَا ٱلْقَرْنَيْنِ إِنَّ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ مُفْسِدُونَ فِى ٱلْأَرْضِ فَهَلْ نَجْعَلُ لَكَ خَرْجًا عَلَىٰٓ أَن تَجْعَلَ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَهُمْ سَدًّا

94 They said: “O Dhūl-Qarnayn: Ya’jūj and Ma’jūj1 are workers of corruption in the land; so may we appoint for thee payment, that thou make between us and them a barrier?”

قَالَ مَا مَكَّنِّى فِيهِ رَبِّى خَيْرٌ فَأَعِينُونِى بِقُوَّةٍ أَجْعَلْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ رَدْمًا

95 He said: “That wherein my Lord has established me is better;1 but assist me with strength: I will make between you and them a dam.

ءَاتُونِى زُبَرَ ٱلْحَدِيدِ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا سَاوَىٰ بَيْنَ ٱلصَّدَفَيْنِ قَالَ ٱنفُخُوا۟ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَعَلَهُۥ نَارًا قَالَ ءَاتُونِىٓ أُفْرِغْ عَلَيْهِ قِطْرًا

96 “Give me sheets of iron.” When1 he had made level between the two openings,2 he said: “Blow.” When3 he had made it a fire, he said: “Bring me to pour thereon molten brass.”

فَمَا ٱسْطَـٰعُوٓا۟ أَن يَظْهَرُوهُ وَمَا ٱسْتَطَـٰعُوا۟ لَهُۥ نَقْبًا

97 And they could not pass over it, and they could not pierce it.

قَالَ هَـٰذَا رَحْمَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّى فَإِذَا جَآءَ وَعْدُ رَبِّى جَعَلَهُۥ دَكَّآءَ وَكَانَ وَعْدُ رَبِّى حَقًّا

98 He said: “This is a mercy from my Lord. But when the promise of my Lord1 comes to pass, He will make it level;2 and the promise of my Lord is true.”3

وَتَرَكْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ يَمُوجُ فِى بَعْضٍ وَنُفِخَ فِى ٱلصُّورِ فَجَمَعْنَـٰهُمْ جَمْعًا

99 And We will leave them, that day,1 to surge one upon another; and the Trumpet will be blown, and We will gather them together

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